Senegalese food


Senegalese Food

Senegalese cuisine is a unique mix of culinary traditions from various cultures and ethnic groups. Despite its small size, this West African country has an incredibly diverse array of dishes and flavors, from rich stews to light seafood dishes. Here’s what you need to know about this vibrant and unique cuisine.


Senegal is known for its variety of meats, including beef, mutton, seafood, and goat. Popular dishes include:

    • Maffe Marodo: A slow-cooked beef and onion stew served over rice.


    • Thiebou Dieune: A classic Senegalese dish of fish and rice with a spicy tomato-based sauce.


    • Yassa Poulet: A tangy and flavorful chicken stew with onions, chili peppers, and mustard.


Grains and Legumes

Rice is a staple of Senegalese cuisine and comes in all shapes and sizes. Other starches, like couscous, millet, and lentils, are also commonly used in dishes. Popular grain and legume-based dishes include:

    • Domoda: A thick peanut sauce made with steamed cubes of fish or chicken and served over a bed of rice.


    • Thiebou Benn: Rice cooked with eggplant and fish.


    • Xalapa: Lentils boiled with onions and peppers and served with rice.



Soup is one of the most popular dishes in Senegal. It’s typically served as the main course in a meal and accompanied by a side of rice, couscous, or millet. Popular soups and stews include:

    • Lakh Bi: A thick, creamy peanut-based soup with vegetables, usually served with lamb or beef.


    • Mafe Yapp: A hearty beef and okra soup, usually served over steamed white rice.


    • Yum Yum: A spicy tomato-based stew made with okra, potatoes, and chicken.



Senegal has a wide range of desserts and sweet treats. Popular desserts include:

    • Tiebou Yapp: A deep-fried sweet pastry filled with a peanut paste.


    • Guefteh: A rich and creamy millet pudding with yogurt and nuts.


    • Madinguette: A tropical cake made with mango, coconut, and lime.


Senegalese cuisine offers something for everyone. With its flavorful meats, grains, and desserts, this African cuisine is sure to please even the pickiest eater. So if you’re looking for something new to try, give Senegalese food a try!

The myth about Goree Island


The Myth About Goree Island

Goree Island is an integral part of the African-American experience, located off the coast of Dakar, Senegal. This Island is incredibly important to African-American history and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site because of its historical importance. Unfortunately, there is a widespread myth that has grown up around the island which is not accurate.

The Myth

The myth surrounding Goree Island is that it was an active part of the Atlantic Slave Trade and served as a major port for the shipping of millions of slaves into the New World. Unfortunately, this is untrue and the island actually had a much more fluid history, one that did not involve a significant role in the slave trade.

The reality of Goree Island

Goree Island actually served as a major trading center in the 15th century and was a hub of trade in the region. Not only was there an important slave trade operating in West Africa, but there was also an important free-trade economy that flourished on the island. This free-trade economy saw the importation of various goods from Europe and the Middle East, as well as the exportation of various products from West Africa to the New World.

In addition to its role as a trading center, Goree Island also served as a major cultural hub for Africans from both in and out of the region. Many historians believe that it was here that Portuguese and other Europeans picked up the music and dances that were to influence their own cultures centuries later.


Despite the widespread myth about Goree Island and its prominent role in the Atlantic Slave Trade, the truth is that it actually had a much more fluid and varied history. Not only was it a major trading center that served as a hub of free-trade in the 15th century, but it was also a major cultural hub as well.

It is important to remember that while the reality of what happened during the Atlantic Slave Trade is an incredibly dark period in human history, the legacy of Goree Island and its importance to African-American history should be remembered, celebrated and honored.

Senegal’s Museums


Senegal’s Museums

Senegal is a fascinating country located in West Africa and has a rich history and culture that dates back centuries. It is home to some of the most impressive historical sites and museums in the world, making it a great stop for tourists seeking to experience a different culture.

The Musée Théodore Monod

The Musée Théodore Monod is an anthropology museum located in the capital city of Dakar. It is home to hundreds of artifacts from all over Africa, from various time periods dating back as far as 11000 BC. These artifacts, which include art, jewelry, and pottery, provide visitors with a look into African culture, history and art.

The IFAN Museum of African Arts

The IFAN Museum of African Arts is located in the heart of Dakar and is one of the largest and most important art galleries in Africa. The collection includes sculptures, textiles, masks, and other works of art from all over the continent. The museum also features special exhibitions, programs, workshops, and lectures to educate visitors about the art of different regions.

Joal-Fadiouth Museum

The Joal-Fadiouth Museum is one of Senegal’s premier museums and is located in the village of Joal-Fadiouth. The museum highlights the history of the area, with special exhibits that focus on the area’s culture, traditions and natural environment. The museum is a perfect place to learn more about the customs and lifestyle of the locals in Senegal.

The Ethnographic Museum of IFAN

The Ethnographic Museum of IFAN is located in the historic city of Saint-Louis and has a vast collection of artifacts focusing on the customs, traditions and lifestyles of African cultures. The museum provides an in-depth look at the various cultures of the continent and displays masks, sculptures, jewelry and much more from various African countries.


Senegal is home to many impressive and diverse museums that offer a unique glimpse into African culture, history and art. From ancient artifacts to rare paintings, these museums provide visitors with a captivating experience that highlights the best this country has to offer. Whether you’re interested in history or simply looking for a unique experience, there is something for everyone in Senegal.

Senegal Political Parties


Political Parties in Senegal

Senegal is a West African nation whose population is mainly constituted by Wolof, Fula, and Serer ethnic groups. Its multiparty democratic politics relies on strong alliances between the government, opposition parties and civic society.

Major Political Parties in Senegal

Senegal has a multiparty system and a democratic government. The major political parties that dominate the political landscape are as follows:

    • Movement for the Democratic Forces of Casamance: The MFDCC is a political party in southern Senegal’s Casamance region. It is the largest political party in the region and it supports autonomy for the region.


    • Alliance for the Republic: The party is led by Macky Sall who is the current President of Senegal. The Alliance for the Republic is a centre-right political party that gained popularity amongst Senegalese youth and seeks to promote development and progress in Senegal.


    • Socialist Party: The party was founded in 1974 by Mamadou Dia and other Senegalese intellectuals. It is a left-wing party that seeks to promote social and economic justice in the country.


    • Democratic League of Senegal: The party is a centre-left party and was founded in 1958 by Leopold Sedar Senghor. It advocates for secularism and greater rights for women.


    • Rally of the Ecologists of Senegal: The party is an environmentalist party that seeks to promote environmental consciousness throughout the country.


    • Union for Change: This is a centre-left party led by Abdoulaye Wade who was the former president of Senegal. It seeks to promote development in the country and is widely supported by Senegalese youth.



Senegal is a country with a political system that is based on multiple political parties and civic society organizations. The major political parties that dominate the political landscape of Senegal are the Movement for the Democratic Forces of Casamance, Alliance for the Republic, Socialist Party, Democratic League of Senegal, Rally of the Ecologists of Senegal, and Union for Change. These parties provide different ideological perspectives within the political landscape of the country and offer different solutions to the many issues facing the nation.

Senegal Democracy


Senegal Democracy

Senegal is a constitutional democracy that has been governed by a democratic system for over three decades. The current president, Macky Sall, was elected in 2012 and is the sixth democratically elected president in the country’s history. The country has also enjoyed relative stability since gaining independence in 1960 and is often seen as a beacon of democracy in West Africa.

Government Structure

The government of Senegal is a semi-presidential republic with a strong executive branch and a unicameral parliament. The government is composed of three branches – the executive, legislative, and judicial. The executive is responsible for the day-to-day management of the government and is headed by the president. The president is elected by popular vote and is responsible for appointing the prime minister, who then forms the government.

The legislature, known as the Parliament, is composed of 150 seats and is responsible for laws and policies. The parliament is also responsible for electing the president and the prime minister.

The judiciary is composed of the Court of Cassation, the Supreme Court, the High Court of Justice, and the Constitutional Council, which oversees the constitutionality of laws.


Senegal has held regular free and fair elections since its transition to democracy in 2000. The most recent presidential election took place in 2019, with Macky Sall securing his second term in office. National assembly elections take place every five years, with the most recent election taking place in 2017.

Political Parties

Senegal has a vibrant and diverse political landscape, with numerous political parties playing a role in the country’s politics. The two largest parties are the Socialist Party and the Party of Democratic and Independent Senegal, which hold the majority of seats in the National Assembly.

Other parties include the Union for Democratic Change, the Alliance for the Republic, the Alliance for the Citizen, and the Liberal Party, among others.

Freedom and Human Rights

Senegal is known for its commitment to the rule of law and democratic institutions. The country enjoys a relatively free press and has a well-developed civil society sector. Freedom of expression and speech are also respected, although there is still room for improvement in the area of free and fair elections.

Overall, Senegal scores highly on civil liberties, human rights, and political rights. The country is also a signatory to numerous international conventions and treaties related to human rights.


Senegal is a model of democracy in West Africa and enjoys relative stability, with several successful peaceful transfers of power since its transition to democracy in 2000. The government is largely in line with international standards of freedom and human rights, and regular elections ensure that the people’s voices are heard. Senegal is a beacon of democracy in the region and an example for other countries to emulate.

Senegal literacy rate


Senegal literacy rate

Senegal is a West African country known for its stable democratic regime and peaceful political environment. It has also achieved one of the highest literacy rates in Sub-Saharan Africa. According to recent estimates, Senegal has a literacy rate of 55.1%, up from 50.2% in 2011- 2012.

Reasons for the success

There are several factors driving the increase in Senegal’s literacy rate:

    • Government initiatives: The Government of Senegal has implemented several initiatives to improve access to education in the country. These include expanding the number of schools and providing free education to children from disadvantaged backgrounds.


    • Compulsory education: Senegal has made primary education compulsory for children aged 6-14. This has enabled a larger number of children to access education opportunities.


    • Private sector investment: The private sector has invested heavily in education in Senegal. This has led to the creation of more schools and increased opportunity for students to pursue education.


    • Community involvement: Communities in Senegal have taken the initiative to improve access to education. For example, many rural communities have set up their own schools to ensure that their children have access to education.



Despite the improvements in literacy rate, Senegal continues to face several challenges in improving access to education in the country. These include:

    • Lack of resources: Many schools in Senegal lack the resources needed to provide an adequate education to students. This has impeded progress in literacy rates.


    • Gender disparities: Despite progress, gender disparities in literacy rates still persist in Senegal. Women are still significantly less likely to be literate than men.


    • Accessibility: Access to education is still a major challenge in Senegal. Many rural communities lack access to schools due to poor infrastructure and lack of resources.



Senegal has achieved one of the highest literacy rates in Sub-Saharan Africa. The government has made progress in implementing initiatives to improve access to education in the country. Despite this progress, there are still challenges in improving access to quality education in Senegal. Further investment and improved infrastructure is needed to continue to drive the increase in literacy rates in the country.

Goree Island


Goree Island

Goree Island is a small island off the coast of Senegal in West Africa. It is about 2 km in length and 1 km in width and is located about 8 km from the capital city of Dakar. It is one of the most well-known tourist sites in the region and is known for its rich history and cultural significance.


Goree Island’s history dates back to the 15th century when it became a trading post for Europeans coming to West Africa. It later served as an important port of commerce between the African continent and Europe. In the 16th century, Goree Island became a prominent port for the Atlantic slave trade and was home to some of the largest slave-trading houses in the region. In 1969, Goree Island was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in recognition of its heavy cultural and historical significance.

Present Day

Today, Goree Island is a bustling tourist attraction. It has become a popular destination for both locals and tourists alike and is home to a wide variety of attractions such as:

    • The House of Slaves: This is a museum dedicated to the history of the trans-atlantic slave trade and its effects on Goree Island. It houses a number of original artifacts from the slave-trade and serves as a reminder of the suffering endured by those involved.


    • The Old Town: The Old Town is a beautiful and well-preserved area of the island that is home to a number of colonial-era buildings and structures. It’s an amazing place to wander around and explore the history of the island.


    • Goree Island Beach: This is a stunning stretch of beach located on the eastern side of the island. It’s the perfect place to go and relax, take in the fresh ocean air and take in some of the beautiful views.


Goree Island is a place like no other and is certainly worth checking out. It’s a place that holds a lot of historical and cultural importance and is an amazing place to explore and experience.

The Wolof Empire


The Wolof Empire

The Wolof Empire was a powerful state or nation that controlled parts of present-day Senegal and Gambia from the 15th to 19th centuries. It was founded in the 13th century by the Wolof people, and pre-dated the Islamic invasions of West Africa, allowing the Wolof people to practice their traditional beliefs.


The origins of the Wolof Empire can be traced back to the 1290s, when two Wolof states emerged in what is now Senegal: the Jolof Empire and the Cayor Kingdom. The Jolof and Cayor kingdoms fought for dominance for many years before the Jolof emerged victorious and established the Wolof Empire in the beginning of the 15th century.

Economic Development

The Wolof Empire was highly developed and prosperous, relying mainly on agriculture and trade. Agriculture was important to the empire, providing rice and grains as well as livestock such as cows and horses. This agricultural produce was then traded with other African nations and the Atlantic World.

Culture and Religion

The empire was highly religious, with numerous shrines and temples dedicated to various ancestral spirits. Animism and ancestor worship were also important aspects of the Wolof belief system. The Wolof people were also known for their proficiency in art and music.

Decline and Legacy

The Wolof Empire was eventually weakened due to threats from neighbouring empires and French colonial rule, which took control of the empire in the 19th century. However, the Wolof Empire’s legacy still lives on in present-day Senegal, Gambia, and the wider West African region.

Key Facts:

    • Founded: 1290s


    • Location: Present Day Senegal and Gambia


    • Dynasty: The Jolof Dynasty


    • Language: Wolof Language


    • Religion: Animism and Ancestor Worship


Slavery in Senegal


Slavery in Senegal

Slavery is an endemic feature of the human tragic experience, and Senegal is no exception. Despite being abolished in 1905, slavery has survived in modern-day Senegal, manifested in the form of servitude, forced labour and the exploitation of vulnerable minority populations.

How did modern-day slavery come to be?

The origins of modern-day slavery in Senegal lie in 16th century trade links between Europe, Africa and the Americas. Senegalese slaves were shipped to the Americas to work the plantations of their colonial masters, primarily in Brazil and Cuba. The trans-Atlantic slave trade was finally abolished in 1848, although conditions of servitude remained in place throughout the colonial period.

The persistence of slavery today

Slaves can still be found in Senegal today, concentrated amongst minority ethnic groups in the country’s rural areas. Many of these groups live in a precarious position between freedom and bondage, an unfortunate legacy of past structural inequalities.

The majority of slaves are born into servitude, a cultural practice that grossly dehumanizes and marginalizes the minority populations it targets. Forced labour is rampant, while modern day slavery also takes the form of extortion and false debt, among other forms.

Tackling modern-day slavery in Senegal

Senegalese anti-slavery law was revised in 2007 to improve implementation and enforcement. Progress has been slow however, and there is still much to be done to stamp out this malignant institution.

    • Raising awareness amongst at-risk populations: A key policy initiative should be to equip at-risk populations with the knowledge to resist and recognize forms of modern day slavery.


    • Improving socio-economic prospects for the vulnerable: This should involve creating job opportunities for the poor and increasing access to basic services.


    • Enforcing and strengthening anti-slavery law: Anti-slavery laws must be actively enforced throughout the country, while also providing support networks for victims of modern-day slavery.


For generations, Senegal has been associated with immense stories of suffering and exploitation. Thankfully, activists, policy makers, and ordinary citizens are now beginning to take proactive steps to challenge the persistence of modern-day slavery. Together, we can steadily move towards a brighter, slavery-free future.

The Fula Culture

The Fula Culture

The Fula culture is one of the oldest and most unique cultures in Africa. With roots traced back to ancient times, the Fula live in West, North and Central Africa and are members of the larger group of people known as the Fulani, with a population of around 40 million.

Fula culture is known for its diverse and vibrant customs, as well as its emphasis on social responsibility and solidarity. It is also well known for its strong cultural symbol of the Fulanin, which is a widespread and powerful symbol in many parts of West Africa.


The Fula language is very important to the Fula culture and is the main language spoken among them. Fulfulde, also known as Fulani, is a member of the Chadic language family, and is spoken by almost 20 million people across West Africa. It is one of the most widely spoken languages in the continent and is recognised as an official language in some countries.

Dress and Customs

Fulani are well known for their colourful and unique dress, which includes bright colours and exotic-looking head ties. This traditional dress is often made from fabrics such as cotton, batik and other fabrics with beautiful designs. In traditional Fula culture there is also a heightened importance placed on courtesy and respect, as illustrated by their greetings which generally include only showing respect and respect to each other.


The Fula people predominantly follow the Islamic faith, which is observed through the celebration of major Islamic holidays, such as Eid Al-Fitr and Eid Al-Adha. They also practice a variety of rituals and customs related to their faith, such as prescribed fasting periods and prayer times.


The Fula people have a rich and delicious cuisine, which is heavily based on staples such as grains, dairy and fish. Common dishes include Koko – a dish made from mashed millet, yassa – a stew of chicken or fish, and the popular Jollof rice.

Music and Dance

The Fula culture is known for its vibrant and diverse range of music and dance. Traditional instruments used include drums, bells, flutes and harmonicas. Fula music and dance is usually performed in gatherings and ceremonies, such as in family celebrations, weddings and funerals.


The Fula culture is one of the oldest and most unique cultures in the world, with a history rich in customs and traditions. From their vibrant attire to their delicious cuisine and their vibrant music and dance, the Fula have many unique aspects which are easily enjoyed and appreciated.