Founder of Boys & Girls Clubs of Senegal issues a call for peace in Senegal

Natty Ndate Beye, founder of the Boys & Girls Clubs of Senegal, is calling for peace in the nation in light of escalating violence and heightened tension. Beye is encouraging the people of Senegal to come together and build a better future for all. Additionally, the Boys & Girls Clubs of Senegal is spearheading the Project Citizen (Senegal) initiative, an effort to foster civic engagement and community involvement in which young Senegalese can identify local issues and develop collective solutions.

LGBTQ+ Rights In Senegal

LGBTQ+ Rights In Senegal

Senegal is located in West Africa, and it is a country with a complex and sometimes difficult history on LGBTQ+ rights. This article will discuss the current state of LGBTQ+ rights in Senegal.

History of LGBTQ+ Rights

The history of LGBTQ+ rights in Senegal includes both advancements and setbacks. In 1992, Senegal decriminalized homosexuality, but only in the capital city of Dakar. It was not until 2010 that the country decriminalized homosexuality nationwide.

Despite this, Senegal is a deeply conservative country and LGBTQ+ individuals face discrimination, hostility and can still be arrested.

Current State of LGBTQ+ Rights

The current state of LGBTQ+ rights in Senegal is still tenuous. According to a 2019 survey from Afrobarometer, 74% of Senegalese people expressed disapproval of same-sex relations.

In 2019, a group of LGBT+ rights activists marched for visibility and in support of LGBTQ+ rights, though they faced resistance from the police.

Despite this, there are some signs of progress. Since 2018, Senegal has allowed transgender people to legally change their name and gender on official documents, though the process is difficult and expensive.

There are also some indications that attitudes are changing, with more Senegalese people expressing tolerance and acceptance of LGBTQ+ individuals.


Although LGBTQ+ rights in Senegal face challenges, there are also some signs of progress. With continued advocacy and activism, it is possible that there will continue to be more acceptance and progressive policies to protect and defend the rights of LGBTQ+ individuals.

Key Takeaways:

  • Homosexuality was decriminalized in Senegal in 1992, but only in Dakar.
  • Attitudes towards LGBTQ+ rights in Senegal remain deeply conservative.
  • There are signs of progress, such as allowing transgender people to legally change their name and gender on official documents.
  • With continued advocacy and activism, it is possible that Senegal will be more accepting and have more progressive policies to protect and defend LGBTQ+ rights.

In Senegal, a West African country, LGBTQ+ rights have generated much controversy over the years. Although the legal framework does not recognize same-sex marriage, a civil society movement has been advocating for greater recognition and support of the LGBTQIA+ community.

In Senegal, homosexuality is not legally accepted and, depending on the interpretation of the local population, can be punished with imprisonment, fines or other forms of punishment. The lack of legal acceptance has led to discrimination and stigmatization of LGBTQIA+ citizens, resulting in many LGBTQIA+ people being forced to hide their sexual orientation. Despite this, activists have been lobbying for greater acceptance and protection of the rights of LGBTQIA+ people in Senegal.

In recent years, there have been a number of positive developments towards the recognition of LGBTQIA+ rights in Senegal. For example, the Senegalese government has allowed the formation of civil society organisations that support the rights of LGFBTQIA+ citizens. Similarly, the National Council for Human Rights (CNDH) has also expressed support for greater protection of LGBTQIA+ rights, stating it is working towards decriminalization of same-sex relations in Senegal.

Nevertheless, there is still a long way to go before full recognition of LGBTQIA+ rights is realized in Senegal. Activists suggest that the government needs to implement more policies that provide rights and protections to the LGBTQIA+ community, such as anti-discrimination laws, hate-crime laws, and equal marriage rights. These policies can enable the LGBTQIA+ community to live safe and secure lives, free from violence and discrimination.

Overall, it is evident that Senegal is making strides towards the recognition and protection of LGBTQIA+ rights. While it is still important for the government to take further steps to ensure these rights are protected, the existence of civil society organisations and support from the National Council for Human Rights points to a possible future in which these rights are fully accepted.


Ethnics groups in Senegal

How does the diversity of ethnic groups within Senegal contribute to its culture and society?

Ethnic Groups in Senegal

Senegal is home to several ethnic groups, with each group having its own distinctive cultural identity. Senegalese people are divided into four primary ethnic groups, each of which has their own history and ancestry.

The Wolof

The Wolof are the largest ethnic group in Senegal at 35-40%, making up the majority of the population. They are primarily located in the western and central regions of the country. Historically, the Wolof have been the rulers of Senegal and parts of what is now Mauritania, having once been a powerful kingdom in the region. The Wolof language is the most widely spoken of all the ethnic groups in Senegal.

The Serer

The Serer are the second largest ethnic group in the country, making up 15-20% of the population. They are mainly located in the northwestern region of Senegal, stretching from northwest of Dakar, along the coast to southward around the Joal area and inland towards Diourbel. The Serer language is closely related to the other Niger-Congo languages, and traditionally the Serer practice a religion called Serer religionwhich combines ancestral worship, Islam, and Christianity.

The Fula

The Fula people, also known as Fulani, make up around 10-15% of the population. They are an African ethnic group spread throughout the West African region. In Senegal, they are mainly located in the rural areas in the southern and eastern parts of the country. The Fula are predominantly Muslim and they speak the Fulani language which is a Niger-Congo language.

The Jola

The Jola people make up roughly 10% of the population in Senegal and are mainly found in the southern-most part of Senegal, along the borders of the Gambia. The Jola are mainly animist in religion and the predominant language spoken is Diola.

Other Minority Groups

In addition to the four main ethnic groups in Senegal, there are also several minority groups which include the Mandinka, Diola, Soninke, and Pulaar people. These groups are generally found in small numbers throughout the country, with the Diola being mainly found in the Casamance region.


Senegal is home to a wide variety of ethnic groups, each with their own unique culture and traditions. These groups include the:

  • Wolof
  • Serer
  • Fula
  • Jola
  • Mandinka
  • Diola
  • Soninke
  • Pulaar

Understanding the different ethnic groups in Senegal will help improve one’s ability to respect and appreciate the country’s culture and traditions.
Located in West Africa on the Atlantic coast, the Republic of Senegal is home to one of the most diverse populations in the region. The country’s population is largely composed of ethnic groups who together make up more than 40 distinct tribes in the nation.

The largest ethnic group in Senegal is the Wolof, who make up nearly 40% of the population. The Wolof are a traditionally Muslim people whose culture and traditions have been deeply shaped by a mixture of Islamic and indigenous beliefs. Their language, Wolof, is the most widely spoken language in Senegal and serves as one of the official language of the country.

The second largest ethnic group in Senegal is the Serer, who comprise around 30% of population. Like the Wolof, the Serer are a traditionally Muslim people, but their habits and customs are quite different from those of the Wolof. The Serer are mostly composed of small, independent farming and fishing communities who inhabit the southern and western parts of Senegal.

Fulani is the third most prominent ethnic group in Senegal and is divided into two distinct groups: the Nomadic or “Town Fulani”, who live in small villages and towns, and the Peasant Fulani, who are mostly farmers. The Nomadic Fulani are believed to have migrated to the region more than 500 years ago, and the Peasant Fulani have developed their own distinct language and culture. The Fulani constituting the fourth largest ethnic group in Senegal and they are largely concentrated in the east and north of the country.

The fifth largest ethnic group in Senegal are the Jola people, who inhabit the Casamance region in the southwest part of the country. The Jola are mainly farmers and fishermen who possess a unique culture and language distinct from the Wolof, Serer and Fulani.

Finally, the sixth largest ethnic group in Senegal is the Diola people, who inhabit the southeastern region of Casamance. Like the Jola, the Diola are largely farmers and fishermen, but their language and culture are quite distinct.

Ethnic diversity is one of the defining characteristics of Senegal’s culture and has contributed to its social and political development over the years. Each of the distinct ethnic groups inhabiting the country has preserved their own language, traditions and culture, creating a dynamic and vibrant social landscape.


Political crisis in Senegal

The current political crisis in Senegal is concerning and deeply impacts the citizens of the country. We recognize the importance of allowing people to protest peacefully, as well as the power of our democracy. At the same time, we must recognize the importance of respectful dialogue and adherence to the law. We ask that all protesters remain calm and respectful, and remind them that violence and unrest will only lead to further suffering and instability. By respecting the Republic, its laws and its citizens, we can work together to create a brighter future for Senegal.

Who was Queen Ndaté Yalla Mbodj of Senegal?


Queen Ndaté Yalla Mbodj

Queen Ndaté Yalla Mbodj was a legendary figure in Senegal, Africa. She ruled in the 19th century and is well known for her impressive military, economic, and political accomplishments.

Economic Accomplishments

Queen Ndaté Yalla Mbodj gained renown for her economic policies and accomplishments. She is credited with introducing agricultural reforms, increasing agricultural production, and ensuring food security in her kingdom. Her efforts contributed to the growth of her kingdom despite the difficult conditions of the time.

Military Accomplishments

Queen Ndaté Yalla Mbodj also had a remarkable military career. She was a great strategist, a brave leader, and a skilled negotiator. Her military skills enabled her to repel French colonizers, protecting her kingdom from occupation.

Political Accomplishments

Queen Ndaté Yalla Mbodj was a beloved leader who fought for the justice of her people. She worked tirelessly to ensure the safety and well-being of her citizens. She was also a powerful figure in the region, forging political alliances with neighboring kingdoms.


Queen Ndaté Yalla Mbodj is remembered as a great leader and a beacon of hope for her people. Her accomplishments and devotion to her kingdom still inspire Senegalese people today.

Key Facts

    • Name: Queen Ndaté Yalla Mbodj


    • Born: 18th century in Senegal, Africa


    • Significance: Legendary queen and leader of Senegal


    • Accomplishments:
        • Agricultural reforms and increased production


        • Military resistance against French colonizers


        • Political alliances with neighboring kingdoms




The LGBTQ+ Community in Senegal


LGBTQ+ rights in Senegal

Senegal is a predominantly Muslim nation and conservative society in West Africa. Despite the country’s progressive constitution, LGBTQ+ rights are not legalised and the life of LGBTQ+ persons are not easy in this country. Here is a look into the rights they currently experience in Senegal.

Legal Standing

People of the LGBTQ+ community in Senegal experience discrimination and stigma. Despite the country’s constitution being one of the most progressive in Africa, homosexuality is seen as a crime and same-sex sexual activities are criminalised under the Senegalese law. LGBTQ+ persons suffer prosecution and social ostracisation and due to this, there is widespread fear of persecution among the LGBTQ+ population.

LGBTQ+ Community

The government of Senegal does not recognise the legal status of the LGBTQ+ community. As a result, there is a lack of public visibility of LGBTQ+ persons and little data is available regarding the LGBTQ+ population in Senegal. LGBTQ+ organisations are not present in the country, making it difficult for members to come together and represent their rights.

Reality of Discrimination

The reality of discrimination and persecution that LGBTQ+ persons experience in Senegal is alarming. Members of the LGBTQ+ community are often threatened, beaten and arrested. In 2014, Senegalese authorities arrested 12 people at a gay club, and in 2021 six Senegalese men were arrested for attending a gay wedding. Though the constitution of Senegal is progressive, the government has not taken steps to legalise LGBTQ+ rights.

LGBTQ+ Rights Advocate

There are a few organisations in Senegal that work for the rights of LGBTQ+ persons, such as the Organisation of Islamic African Plaintiffs (OIAP). This organisation works to promote the rights of people of diverse sexual orientations and gender identities. OIAP is advocating for legal rights and recognitions of the LGBTQ+ persons and provides legal assistance to those affected by discrimination.


Though many countries in Africa are slowly beginning to recognise and protect the rights of LGBTQ+ persons, Senegal has not taken steps to decriminalise same-sex activities or provide legal protection for its citizens. In absence of legal recognition, the LGBTQ+ persons in Senegal face discrimination and persecution. With the help of organisations such as OIAP, there is hope that the rights of LGBTQ+ persons in Senegal will eventually be recognised and protected.

Further Reading:




Senegal agriculture


Senegal Agriculture

Senegal is an African country of the West African coast that is famous for its agricultural culture. Thanks to its tropical climate and ample rainfall, it has become one of the most successful agricultural countries in Africa.

History of Agriculture in Senegal

Senegal’s agriculture tradition stems back to centuries ago when Africans first cultivated the land. Due to its location, Senegal has long been a major exporter of grains, pulses, fruits and vegetables to other African countries. As the population of Senegal grew, so did the need for more and better food. This led to the development of more advanced agricultural techniques and the widespread use of fertilizers, pesticides and mechanization during the 20th century.

Agricultural Products of Senegal

The main crops grown in Senegal are rice, maize, millet, sorghum, beans, groundnuts, and cowpeas. Products from livestock farming include eggs, cheese and meat. Small-scale farmers also contribute to the agricultural output of Senegal by growing fruits such as mangoes, oranges, bananas and papayas.

Challenges Faced by Senegal’s Farmers

Despite its rich agricultural tradition, Senegal’s farmers face numerous challenges. These include limited access to quality seed and fertilizer, inadequate infrastructure, and land degradation due to climate change. Moreover, the market for agricultural products is highly competitive, with foreign imports often cheaper than local products.

The Way Forward for Senegal’s Agriculture

In order for Senegal to continue to be a major agricultural player in Africa, increased investment in agricultural infrastructure, training, and technology is essential. This should be done in combination with efforts to boost access to credit, improve access to markets, and establish better policies for small-scale farmers.

Benefits of Senegal’s Agriculture

Senegal’s agriculture provides numerous benefits to the country, such as employment opportunities, food security and income. It also contributes to the economy through the production of exports and the taxation of the agricultural sector. The country’s rich agricultural sector also works to improve food security, reduce poverty and lead to better nutrition.


Senegal has long been a major agricultural exporter in Africa thanks to its favorable climate and ample rainfall. By continuing to invest in the country’s agricultural sector, Senegal can ensure that it remains a leader in African agriculture. Benefits to Senegal include increased employment opportunities, food security and income generation, as well as improved nutrition.

Senegal weather


Senegal Weather

Senegal is a West African nation located in the Sahel region, near the Atlantic Ocean. Senegal experiences a tropical climate, with hot and humid conditions year-round. The weather can be drastically different between the different seasons and regions, and knowing what to expect can help you better plan your trip to Senegal.


During the summer in Senegal, temperatures are hot and humid, with average daily high temperatures for the period from November to March ranging from 28° C to 31° C, and average nighttime lows from 17° C to 21° C. Rain showers can occur frequently during this time, but are usually short.

Rainy Season

The rainy season in Senegal lasts from June to October and is characterized by extensive rains that fall especially in the afternoon. Temperatures are hot, with daily highs of 25° C to 31° C, and lows of 19° C to 24° C. Depending on the region, rainfall can reach up to 900 mm annually, with the central and southern regions receiving the most amount of rain.

Dry Season

The dry season in Senegal generally runs from November to April. During this time, there is a lot of sunshine, but temperatures are still hot and humid. Average daily highs range from 28° C to 31° C, and average nighttime lows from 17° C to 24° C. Rainfall is less frequent during this period.

The Coastal Areas

The coastal areas of Senegal enjoy milder temperatures with higher humidity levels throughout the year. Average daily highs range from 23° C to 28° C, and average nighttime temperatures from 17° C to 20° C. Rain is more frequent during the rainy season, and sea breezes bring welcome relief from the heat.


No matter which season you go, Senegalese weather can be hot and humid. It is important to stay hydrated and use sun protection, such as sunblock, hats and sunglasses. It is also important to listen to local weather reports and take appropriate action if severe weather warnings are issued.

In conclusion, a trip to Senegal requires careful planning due to its tropical climate and distinct wet and dry seasons. Researching the local climate and weather conditions in advance can help you to better prepare for the local conditions and enjoy your visit to this fascinating country.

Senegalese music


Senegalese Music: Exploring the Heart of West Africa

Since the 17th century, Africa and its inhabitants have been major contributors to world music and its culture. This article focuses in one of the nation’s genres in particular, Senegalese music.

History of Senegalese Music Music

Senegalese music is a style which is native to the West African geographical area. It evolved from the combination of several other genres over the course of generations, such as the traditional Mandinka, Wolof, and Serer musics which merge with French, Latin and Islamic genre influences.

Types of Senegalese Music

Senegalese music can be broken down into 4 major types:

    • Sabar Music: This type of music originates from the Serer culture, and is usually played to accompany traditional dances. It is composed of bass drums, bell and a solo singer.


    • M’balakh Music: This kind of music is used to accompany birth rituals and wedding ceremonies. It is commonly played with percussion instruments such as djembes and balafons, as well as clapping and vocals.


    • Griot Music: This type of music is played by a traveling musician who plays the traditional kora instrument. He plays and sings traditional songs about popular heroes or heads of families.


    • thioubalo Music: This type of music is also played with a kora but with a modern twist. It includes a combination of traditional rhythms and melodies along with contemporary pop elements.


Famous Senegalese Musicians

Senegalese music has produced many world class musicians, such as:

    • Youssou N’Dour: A Grammy Award-winning singer, songwriter and percussionist who has composed hit songs such as “7 Seconds” and “The Guide”.


    • Baaba Maal: A critically acclaimed singer and guitarist who has released numerous albums including his 2015 release “The Traveller”.


    • Cheikh Lo: He is an afro-pop singer and producer who is known for integrating Senegalese music with other world influences. He is also the founder of the Black Star Line label.


    • Ismael Lo: He is a singer-songwriter and guitarist who is popular for his album “Tasonry” which combines traditional African rhythms with pop music.


There are numerous other Senegalese musicians out there who are making a name for their country, their culture and their music.


In conclusion, Senegalese music is a unique and diverse style which has its roots in African traditions and has also been influenced by other international genres. With a long history and distinguished artists, it continues to move and inspire many people for generations to come.

Senegal’s Infrastructures


Infrastructures in Senegal

Senegal is a beautiful country on the West African coast with various types of infrastructure. Several projects have been launched to improve the available infrastructures, thus improving the quality of life of the Senegalese people.


The Senegalese road network is made up of:

    • Rural Roads: Nearly 8,000 km of rural roads and tracks formed the backbone of Senegal’s road infrastructure.


    • National Highways: There are just over 2,000 km of national highways.


    • Urban roads: There are 13,000 km of urban roads.


Over the past few years, projects have been launched to upgrade the existing roads, and to build new roads. The Senegal Emergency Road Investment Project is a major operation to upgrade the rural roads and build 600 km of new roads.


Senegal has six international airports:

    • Dakar International Airport


    • Cap Skiring Airport


    • Saint Louis Airport


    • Tambacounda Airport


    • Touba Airport


    • Sylla International Airport


The Dakar International Airport is the largest and busiest airport in Senegal, handling most of the international and domestic air traffic.


Senegal has an extensive rail network that serves some of the major cities in the country. The network is made up of 754 km of standard gauge lines.

The Senegal Railway Project is a major initiative to upgrade and expand the railway network. The project includes the construction of 375 km of new railway lines, and the upgrade and modernisation of the existing lines.


Senegal has two major ports:

    • Dakar Port


    • Bargny Port


The Dakar port is the main maritime gateway to the country. It is a major hub for the import and export of goods to and from Senegal.


Senegal has a well-developed telecommunications network. There are over 8 million Internet users, and mobile phone coverage is available throughout the country.

The Senegal Telecommunications Infrastructure Development Project is a major project to expand and improve the existing telecommunications infrastructure.

In conclusion, Senegal has well-developed infrastructure that is constantly being improved and expanded. The government is committed to improving access to quality infrastructure for its citizens.