Religion in Senegal

Religion in Senegal

Senegal is a west African country with a diverse population who embrace a wide array of different religions. The country is has a population of around 17 million people and nine-tenths of them identify as Muslim. The remaining one-tenth are made up of Christians and Animists, who practice traditional beliefs.

Islam in Senegal

Islam is the most widely practised religion in Senegal and approximately 94% of the population are Muslim. This includes both Sunni and Sufi branches of Islam and the majority of them identify as Maliki Sunni. Senegal also has a significant Shia population and also some Ahmadiyya Muslims.

Christianity in Senegal

Christianity is practised by around 5% of the population in Senegal. This consists almost entirely of Catholic communities who regard themselves as the true successors of the French colonial era in the country. They often represent the educated elite and can be found in and around the capital city, Dakar.

Animism in Senegal

Animist beliefs are still practised in Senegal by a small minority, estimated to be around 1%. This is a religion based on the belief in spirits and ancestors, and has a long-standing spiritual significance in many areas of the country. Many of these traditional beliefs have been incorporated into Islam and Christianity, and remain in practice.

Freedom of Religion and Tolerance in Senegal

Senegal is considered to be one of the most tolerant countries in the world, and has a long-standing policy of religious freedom. All religions are respected and celebrated legally and socially. The Baha’i faith is also legally recognised in the country, and there are also ongoing projects to encourage interfaith understanding and dialogue.


Senegal is a religiously diverse country, with a population that follows various faiths. The large majority of the population are Muslim, whilst there is also a significant group of Christians and a small population of Animists. The government of Senegal encourages freedom of religion and tolerance and supports interfaith dialogue and understanding.

The Wolof Culture

The Wolof Culture

The Wolof people are one of the most populous ethnic groups in Africa inhabited mainly in Senegal, Gambia, and Mauritania. Their culture is very rich, multifaceted and steeped in centuries-long of traditions, philosophies and arts.


The Wolof are known for having a distinct language of their own, apart from the other languages of their countries, which is a rich source of their oral and written culture. The language has more than 4 million speakers around the world, making it the second most spoken language in Senegal, after French.

Cultural Heritage

Wolof culture is known for its intricate traditional outfits and dances. They also practice music, drama, games and martial arts like wrestling.

Society and Society Values

Wolof society is hierarchical, with particular loyalty and respect to elders. They are also known for their hospitality and generosity, offered to people of all ages. Family values are highly valued in the culture, with an emphasis on respecting parents and ancestors.

Religion and Beliefs

Wolof culture is predominantly Islamic, with a trade and agricultural-dependent economy. Some Wolof also follow traditional African religious beliefs in the practice of animism, or the belief that spirits inhabit inanimate objects.


Wolof cuisine is typically centered around its staple grains, like millet and maize. Common dishes include thiéboudienne, ceebu jen and the soup ceebu Yapp.

Visual Arts

Wolof culture is known for its various visual arts, primarily centering around masks, leather and fabric making. Masks are carved from wood, depicting animals and other characters from folklore. Leather masks are often decorated in patterns and earth tones, used for initiation ceremonies and special occasions. Other fabric arts, like beadwork and embroidery, are utilized for a wide range of uses.


The Wolof culture is unique and intricate with its own distinct language, values and beliefs, and cuisines as well as visual arts. It stands as one of the vibrant and influential cultures that can truly be experienced in Africa.

The Serer Culture


The Serer Culture

The Serer culture is an ancient African culture native to the modern day Senegal, Gambia, and Mauritania regions. This culture has maintained its traditions and values through centuries of external and internal changes, and remains one of the most fascinating cultures of West Africa.

Language & Writing

The Serer people have their own language called Serer-Siin, which is a distinct language within the Senegambian branch of the Niger-Congo language family. In addition to the Serer-Siin language, they also speak other dialects such as Cangin, Palor, and Saafi-Saafi.

Their writing system includes two types of scripts: Lemoire and N’ko. Lemoire is a script adapted from traditional Serer pictographs. N’ko is a modern script developed by Mamadou Kanté in 1945.

Religion & Beliefs

The Serer religion, called Seereer-Siin, is based around the belief that the universe is filled with unseen spiritual entities and forces called Roog. These spiritual forces are said to be responsible for the destiny of every individual in the Serer community.

The Serer people also practice ancestor veneration, where the living family members honor their deceased loved ones by offering prayers, sacrifices, and other forms of respect. They believe that the spirit of the deceased can help them in their day-to-day lives.

Art & Music

The Serer culture has a strong artistic tradition which includes a variety of musical instruments, literary works, and visual arts.

Some of the musical instruments that are unique to the Serer culture are the kora, xalam, and tama. Each musical instrument has distinct sounds and roles which highlight specific musical genres.

The Serer culture also has a thriving literary tradition which includes works such as the epic poem of Takrur and the songs and stories of Lamane-Lamane. These works are often used to preserve the history and culture of the Serer people.

Daily Life

The Serer people lead a very communal lifestyle, with most of their activities taking place in groups or within the family unit. A traditional Serer family consists of a senior couple, their children, and grandchildren. This family structure is highly respected and honored.

The Serer people are also well-known for their agricultural skills and expertise. They have been farming for centuries, producing staples such as millet, sorghum, peanuts, and cotton.


Due to the importance of their spiritual beliefs, Serer people celebrate many festivals and feasts throughout the year. Some of these events include the:

    • Yooli – a harvest festival


    • Eafafu – a fertility festival


    • Lamane Jom – a harvest thanksgiving festival


  • Beet-beet – a celebration of music and dance

These festivals are often marked with singing, dancing, and feasting.


The Serer culture is one of the oldest and most distinct cultures of West Africa. With strong spiritual beliefs, ancient writing systems, and diverse musical instruments, the Serer culture continues to be fascinating to the modern world.

Women’s Rights In Senegal


Women’s Rights In Senegal

Senegal is a West African nation known for its beaches, culture, and vibrant nightlife. The country is also known for its progressive attitude towards gender equality, with women occupying more prominent positions in government and business. However, there are still a number of challenges facing women in Senegal.

Legal Rights

Senegal has some of the most progressive laws in Africa when it comes to women’s rights. The Senegalese Constitution protects the right to gender equality, prohibiting any discrimination based on gender. The Ministry of Women and Child Protection also has the authority to ensure laws related to the protection of women and children’s rights are respected and implemented.

However, there are certain areas where the law continues to fall short. There is a lack of legislation protecting victims of gender-based violence, and traditional laws governing deals and inheritance are often still in force, which means that women may not be able to benefit from a fair deal or have an equal share of inheritance.

Societal Expectations

When it comes to social and cultural norms, women in Senegal face a range of challenges. There is an adherence to traditional gender roles, which can limit a woman’s opportunities in both their personal and professional life. Women are also subjected to discrimination and unequal access to education and health services.

Despite the progress, there are still a number of entrenched patriarchal norms which need to be challenged. There is also a lack of awareness of women’s rights and a need for greater access to resources and services.

What Can Be Done?

There are a number of measures that can be taken to address the issues facing women in Senegal. These include:

    • Education: Improving educational opportunities and access to information can help empower women, giving them the skills and confidence to overcome the challenges they face.


    • Advocacy: Raising awareness of women’s rights, both at a grassroots and national level, is key to creating meaningful change.


    • Government Support: The Senegalese government should take a more active role in promoting gender equality by providing greater access to services, such as healthcare and legal support.


    • Dialogue: Creating a dialogue between different parts of the government, civil society, and the business community can help create a framework for collaboration and action for change.


Senegal has a long way to go in terms of gender equality, but there are a number of measures that can be taken to promote the rights and opportunities of women in the country. With a commitment to equality and a concerted effort, there is hope for a brighter future for women in Senegal.

Sports In Senegal


Sports In Senegal

Sports have been a part of the culture in Senegal since ancient times. From traditional wrestling to modern football, Senegal has a long and rich history in sports. It is one of the most popular activities in the country, with a variety of different sports being played.


Wrestling is a traditional sport in Senegal, which has been around for centuries. It is believed to have originated from the West African Manjagos, who arrived in Senegal from Guinea Bissau. Wrestlers compete in traditional wrestling matches wearing colorful outfits and often competing for cash prizes. The most popular type of wrestling is Laamb, which is a style of combat wrestling using various holds, body checks, and throws.


Football, or soccer, has become one of the most popular sports in the country. It is widely played in schools, clubs and parks. The national team has achieved success in international competitions, and is ranked in the top 100 teams in the world. Some of the country’s best players have gone on to play for some of the biggest clubs in Europe.


Basketball is another popular sport in Senegal. The national team has been successful in international competitions, and some of the country’s players have gone on to play professionally in Europe and the US. The country’s basketball governing body is the Senegal Basketball Federation (SFB).


Volleyball is a popular sport in Senegal, and the national team has had some success in international competitions. It is mainly played at school and club level. The country’s volleyball governing body is the Senegal Volleyball Federation (SFV).

Martial Arts

Martial arts such as judo, kali, and tae kwon do are all popular in Senegal. They are mainly practiced in schools and clubs, and are often used in self-defense classes for both children and adults. The national martial arts governing body is the Senegal Martial Arts Federation (SMAF).


Athletics is another popular sport in the country. It is mainly practiced at school and club level, and the country’s athletics governing body is the Senegal Athletics Federation (SAF). The country has had some success in international competitions, with athletes competing in events such as the Olympic Games and the Commonwealth Games.


Sports are an important part of life in Senegal. From traditional wrestling to modern football, there are a variety of different sports being played in the country. The country’s teams and athletes have achieved success in international competitions, and the country is a major destination for international sporting events.

Women circumcision In Senegal

Women Circumcision in Senegal

Senegal is a country located in West Africa. Infinity of cultures and traditions are practiced, such as the practice of women’s circumcision.

Why is it practiced?

The practice of female circumcision is primarily carried out as a cultural norm. In some cultures, the rite of passage emphasizing that a girl is officially an adult – and thus, further, marriageable – is an important sign of maturity.

The Procedure

In Senegal, female circumcision typically involves one of these three procedures:

  • Clitoridectomy — removal of the clitoris and sometimes parts of the labia.
  • Excision — removal of the clitoris and entire labia.
  • Infibulation — narrowing of the vaginal opening.

The Impact

The outcomes of these procedures can be devastating. Females may experience intense pain during and in the aftermath of the procedure, as well as complications such as shock, infection, infertility, and sometimes even death. Beyond these physical consequences, female circumcision can have psychological effects, too — girls who have experienced an excision procedure are at an increased risk of developing posttraumatic stress disorder.

The issues surrounding female circumcision in Senegal are complex and varied. In some cases, women may choose to have the procedure – yet the effects, biological and psychological, can be severe.

The struggle to end the practice of female circumcision in Senegal is ongoing and the results are uncertain. Regardless, Senegal, and all countries where this practice is commonplace, must take steps to address the many risks associated with the practice in order to protect the health, safety, and wellbeing of their citizens.

Children’s Rights In Senegal


Children’s Rights In Senegal

Senegal is a country found in West Africa, bordered by Mauritania, Mali, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau and The Gambia. Senegal is known as a country committed to the protection of children. This is evidenced by the fact that Senegal has both ratified and acceded to the Convention on the Rights of the Child, which outlines the human rights of all children up until the age of 18.

Rights in the DOM

Within the DOM (Domaine d’Actions Prioritaires) of Senegal, there is an emphasis on the strong protection of children’s rights. Some of the commitments highlighted within this document include:

    • Health: The right of all children to access adequate healthcare.


    • Education: The right of all children to access free education and to attend school.


    • Protection: A strong commitment to protecting all children from sexual exploitation, forced labour and all instances of violence.


Rights out with the DOM

Senegal is committed to ensuring that children’s rights outside of the DOM are also respected and adequately protected. This includes the following:

    • Birth Registration: All children have the right to have their births registered, a process which helps to ensure that they are recognized by the state and thus protected under the law.


    • Child Labour: Senegal is committed to eliminating any instances of child labour that are deemed to be exploitative or harmful.


    • Access to Justice: Senegal has committed to ensuring that children have access to justice and legal assistance when appropriate.


    • Juvenile Justice: Senegal is obliged to protect children from any illegal detention and to ensure that young offenders are dealt with in accordance to the law as outlined in the juvenile code.


In conclusion, Senegal is a country that is committed to the rights of all children and has taken measures to ensure that these rights are respected and protected. This commitment is evidence in both the DOM and in other areas that go beyond the DOM.

Senegalese Owned Businesses


Senegalese Owned Businesses

Senegal is a West African nation with a thriving, diverse economy. It is home to some of the most successful, up-and-coming businesses in the region. These businesses are owned by entrepreneurs from Senegal, many of whom have taken a risk to create something new and established themselves in an ever-changing market.

Types of Senegalese Owned Businesses

Senegalese owned businesses come in all shapes and sizes. Here are some of the most popular forms of business in Senegal:

  • Agriculture and Agribusiness: Senegal has a long history of agricultural production, and many farmers and producers continue to work in the sector. They are joined by new entrepreneurs who are providing innovative solutions such as agro-processing, value-added production, and agricultural technology.
  • Retail Businesses: Whether they are running street-side stalls, small neighborhood shops, or large chain stores, Senegalese individuals and businesses are involved in the retail sector. These businesses employ thousands of people and contribute to the development of the local economy.
  • Financial Services: Senegal is home to several major financial institutions. These include banks, insurance companies, and other service providers. They employ professionals, who may come from other parts of Africa, and also encourage innovation in the sector.
  • Construction: Senegal’s growing cities and towns have opened up construction jobs for Senegalese entrepreneurs. These businesses provide social infrastructure and housing for communities, and drive development in the process.
  • Manufacturing: Senegal has long been known for its inventive manufacturing sector. Senegalese businesses manufacture everything from electronics to textile, automotive, and industrial goods.
  • Technology: Senegal is becoming a regional hub for technology.This includes video gaming, telecommunications, and software development, which are becoming increasingly important to the economy. Some of these businesses are leading the way in Africa in developing innovative solutions.


Senegalese businesses are emerging as powerful forces in the region. From traditional agricultural production to modern retail and technology, Senegalese entrepreneurs are providing goods and services that help drive the country’s economy and inspire innovation.

Senegal Top 10 Businesses


Senegal Top 10 Businesses

Senegal is a country in West Africa with a rich and diverse economy. There are many businesses in Senegal that have flourished over the years, and here is a list of the top 10 for potential investors.

1. Banking

Banking is the largest and most profitable sector in Senegal. The Central Bank of West African States is the main regulatory authority for banking in Senegal and the sector is booming due to the country’s strong economic potential. Banks such as Banque des Etats de l’Afrique de l’Ouest (BEAO), Agence Internationale de l’Energie (BIA) and Banque Atlantique Sénégal(BAS) are some of the leading players in the market.

2. Telecommunications

Senegal has a well-developed telecommunications industry, which is the second-largest sector in the economy. Major operators such as Orange Senegal, Tigo Senegal, Expresso Senegal and Warid Senegal offer mobile, internet and other telecom services to the whole country.

3. Tourism

Senegal has a growing tourism industry with many attractions and activities for visitors. Tourists can experience lush beaches, national parks and wildlife reserves, vibrant cities and a rich cultural heritage. Popular tourist destinations include Gorée Island, Gulf of Guinea, Ndarzem Waterfalls and Fathala Wildlife Reserve.

4. Manufacturing

The manufacturing sector in Senegal is booming, with major investments from both domestic and foreign investors. The country’s main industries are food processing, textile production and petroleum refining, but there is also a growing demand for pharmaceuticals and chemicals.

5. Mining

Senegal is home to a number of minerals, including gold, iron ore and mineral sands. Mining activity is regulated by the Ministry of Mines, which also offers support and incentives to encourage mining investments.

6. Agriculture

Agriculture accounts for around 36% of Senegal’s economy and is the main source of income for most of the population. The country is a major producer of cereal grains, oilseeds, sugarcane and cocoa. In addition, there is a thriving livestock sector, with production of sheep, goats and poultry.

7. Construction

The construction sector in Senegal has seen many developments in recent years, and is a major contributor to the economy. The country has undertaken many large-scale construction projects in the past, such as the Senegal-Lac Tian Terminal and the OAIC Dakar Airport Expansion.

8. Shipping and Transportation

Senegal has an extensive transportation network, including railroads, highways and ports. The country also has a thriving shipping industry with many international companies operating in its waters.

9. Health Care

The health care sector in Senegal is booming, with many private and public providers offering a variety of services. The Ministry of Health regulates health care provision, while the Senegal Insurance Agency provides insurance protections for individuals and families.

10. Retail

The retail sector in Senegal is diverse and vibrant, with a wide range of products available. Major retailers include Jumbo Supermarkets, Carrefour Senegal, Biobâtir Mega Mart and Kiosque Discount.

These are the top 10 businesses in Senegal, each offering potential investors a variety of investment options. With such a well-developed economy, Senegal is an excellent place to invest and grow a successful business.

Senegal resources

Senegal Resources

Senegal, located in Western Africa, is home to a wide range of resources and minerals. Mineral resources, in particular, play an important role and are the primary source of revenue for the country. The diverse landscape and many minerals found here are instrumental in pushing the economy and providing more jobs for citizens. Let’s take a look at the variety of resources that can be found in Senegal.

Natural Resources

The natural resources of Senegal are hugely varied. They include:

  • Agricultural products: Senegal is home to large reserves of agricultural products such as peanuts, fish, and cotton. These products are essential for the country’s economy.
  • Minerals: Senegal has several large-scale mines and deposits that produce iron ore, gold, uranium, and diamond.
  • Other Resources: Other resources found in Senegal are salt, petroleum, limestone, phosphates, and zinc.


Tourism is another major source of revenue in Senegal. The country has a wide range of historical and cultural attractions, as well as idyllic beaches and pristine national parks. Visitors come to explore the unique Senegalese culture and have an unforgettable experience.


Senegal is fortunate to be home to a wide range of resources. From natural minerals to agricultural products, the country is well-equipped with resources to revive its economy and provide more job opportunities for citizens. Additionally, the country is becoming increasingly popular with tourists, helping to create more jobs and generate income for the country. Overall, the resources of Senegal are essential to the country’s growth and development.