Ethnic groups in Senegal

Ethnic Groups in Senegal

Senegal has one of the most diverse and tolerant cultures in the world; it is home to many different ethnic groups that contribute to the cultural and linguistic richness of the country. Below is a rundown of the main ethnic groups that make up the Senegalese people.


The Wolof make up around 40% of the population and are the largest ethnic group. They are known for their traditions of music, storytelling and dance. They are based mostly in the western areas of the country and their language, known as Wolof, is the  most widely spoken in the country.



Mandinka is the second largest ethnic group in Senegal.  They are traditionally merchants and farmers and their language, Maninka, is the second widely spoken language in the country. The Mandinka were the first people to settle in the region, and their influence can still be seen in the architecture, culture and food of Senegal.


The Fula people of Senegal are the third largest ethnic group. The Fula are semi-nomadic herders and are largely based in the northern and eastern parts of the country. Their language, Fula, is the third most widely spoken language.


The Serer people have been living in Senegal for centuries. They are mostly farmers and fishermen and are known for their strong, religious beliefs and adherence to tradition. The Serer language is spoken by over two million people, most of them in Senegal.


Other Ethnic Groups

Other ethnic groups in Senegal include the Jola, Toucouleur, Djola and Balanta. All of these groups have their own distinct cultures and languages, and their influence can be seen throughout the country.

In conclusion, Senegal is a country of diversity, with many different ethnic groups that each have their own language and culture. Due to centuries of co-existence and peaceful co-habitation, Senegal is one of the most tolerant and peaceful societies in the world.

Education in Senegal


Education in Senegal

Senegal offers a comprehensive system of education that firmly places the country among the countries of the world dedicated to spread knowledge and pursue academic excellence. Education in Senegal follows a 6-3-3-4 system, which breaks down as follows:

    • Primary Education: Six years of primary education in Senegal is compulsory. The Senegalese primary school system is tied to the French academic year, which generally runs from October to June.


    • Lower Secondary Education: Senegalese students typically proceed to three years of lower secondary education. At the completion of this period of education, students must pass an examination.


    • Upper Secondary Education: For students interested in pursuing a higher education path, three years of upper secondary school is needed. Once again, successful completion of an exam is necessary.


    • Higher Education : The University of Dakar is the nation’s major hub of higher education. Here, students can pursue academic study in fields such as humanities, natural sciences, mathematics and engineering.


Bilingual Schooling

An interesting aspect of the education system in Senegal is the existence of bilingual schooling, which is offered in French and English. In these settings, the French language largely serves as the principal language of instruction. English, however, is also used in certain subjects and helps to supplement learning in certain areas.

Access To Education

Education in Senegal is generally accessible to all who wish to pursue it. Poverty, however, is a barrier to obtaining an education for many. The government makes efforts to ensure that children in need have access to education, but more must be done in order to ensure everyone has the opportunity to learn.


In conclusion, Senegal has a comprehensive education system that places importance on learning and academics. Despite some obstacles, access to education is generally open to all and bilingual schooling offers a unique learning opportunity. With continued government support and efforts to ensure everyone has access to an education, Senegal will be able to continue its path to academic excellence.

About Senegal


Senegal – A Land of Beauty, Adventure, and History

Senegal is a dynamic, vibrant nation filled with incredible opportunities to explore history and culture, while soaking up the beauty of its African landscape. This West African nation’s strategic location makes it an ideal destination for those seeking a unique sojourn into the past and a journey of discovery.

Things To Do

Senegal has something for every traveler:

    • Experience the vibrant capital city of Dakar, with its countless markets, restaurants, and bars.


    • Soak up the sun on the stunning beaches situated around the coastline.


    • Explore the stunning Pink Lake for its distinctive pink hue, or take a boat tour of the Casamance region.


    • Discover the vibrant Gorée Island, renowned for its cultural and historical significance.


    • Embark on an epic safari – camera in hand – for a chance to spot wildlife.


Unique Cuisine

The cuisine of Senegal is a tantalizing mix of African, French, and Arabic flavors. Fish is the most popular ingredient and dishes like Thiéboudienne (a fish-rice dish) are a national favorite. For a richer meal, try the spiced lamb cover with attiéké (cassava couscous). There is no shortage of unique and flavorful dishes to sample while in Senegal.

Cultural Significance

Senegal is home to lively markets, beautiful traditional architecture and a rich and diverse cultural landscape. It is known for its traditional art, African dance and music, as well as its vibrant street arts scene. There are also numerous UNESCO World Heritage sites throughout the country, including the sophisticated cities of Djenne and St.Louis.


With its stunning landscapes, unique cultural heritage and vibrant cities, Senegal is an exciting destination for travelers seeking meaningful experiences. Whether you’re after adventure, culture or history, Senegal is the perfect place to explore.

Senegal Culture


A Brief Introduction to the Culture of Senegal

Located in West Africa, Senegal is a French-speaking nation known for its unique culture, which is a melting pot of many different cultures and influences. The Senegalese culture is one of the oldest on the African continent and it has been shaped by centuries of religious and ethnic diversity, resulting in a vibrant and creative culture.


The majority of people living in Senegal are followers of Islam, with around 94% of the population being Muslim. The remaining 6% of the population follow a variety of religions such as Christianity, Traditional African and Bédik. All religions are respected in the Senegalese society and it is common to find mosques, churches and other religious buildings side by side.

Food and Music

Food and music are an integral part of the Senegalese culture. Senegalese cuisine is rich and flavorful and is made up of a variety of dishes influenced by French, Moroccan, and West African cuisine. Seafood is particularly popular and often cooked with spices, herbs and vegetables.

The country is known for its rich cultural and musical heritage. Music is an essential part of everyday life and most Senegalese people know how to play traditional instruments such as the kora and sabar. Popular genres of music include Mbalax, a musical style inspired by traditional drumming and folk music, and Afro-Pop, a genre which combines traditional Senegalese music and world music.

Clothing and Art

Clothing and art are also important aspects of the Senegalese culture. Men typically wear colorful and bright traditional clothing, such as the Grand Boubou and Kaftan, while women often wear wrap dresses or colorful headscarves known as Lath Gunds. The vibrant colors and detailed designs of these garments are inspired by traditional African prints and motifs.

Art is also highly valued in Senegal, with the country being home to many talented painters, sculptors, and artisans. Senegalese art often combines traditional media such as weaving and carving with modern materials to create vibrant works of art.


Senegal has a rich and vibrant culture that has been influenced by centuries of religious and ethnic diversity. Food and music play an essential role in everyday life and traditional clothing and art are greatly admired. The combination of these elements has resulted in an intriguing culture that is sure to captivate anyone who visits this amazing country.

Senegal Politics


Politics of Senegal

Senegal is a semi-presidential republic in West Africa. The current President is Macky Sall, who took office in April 2012. The politics in Senegal are shaped by a multi-party system and a bicameral legislature.

Legislative Branch

The primary legislative body in Senegal is the Parliament of Senegal, which is composed of two chambers:

    • National Assembly: The National Assembly consists of 165 members, elected by popular vote, who serve five-year terms.


    • Senatorial Chamber: The Senatorial Chamber consists of 100 members, appointed by the President, who serve five-year terms.


The Parliament exercises its authority by approving laws and overseeing the actions of the executive branch of the government.

Executive Branch

The executive branch of the government is led by the President, who is elected to a five-year term. The President is the head of state and commander in chief of the armed forces, and is responsible for the appointment of the Prime Minister, who serves as the head of government.

The President is responsible for proposing laws, issuing decrees, and appointing judges, among other duties.

Judicial Branch

The judicial branch of the government is headed by the Supreme Court of Senegal, which is composed of nine members appointed by the President. The Supreme Court is responsible for interpreting the Constitution and other laws, and is the highest court of appeal in the country.

Political Parties

Senegal has a multi-party political system with numerous parties participating in the elections. The two dominant parties are the Alliance for the Republic and the Socialist Party.

Other prominent parties include Rewmi (Movement for the Renaissance of Senegal), AND PDS (Democratic Party of Senegal), UJD (Union for Democracy and Development), and PADS (Party for the African Democratic Union).

The country also has a number of small, niche parties which focus on particular ideological or ethnic issues.

Senegal is a booming democracy, and its political landscape is continuing to evolve. As the country develops and its citizens become more aware of their rights and democratic duty, it will continue to strengthen its democracy and become an even more important part of the African political landscape.