Senegal Democracy

Senegal is a constitutional democracy that has been governed by a democratic system for over three decades. The current president, Macky Sall, was elected in 2012 and is the sixth democratically elected president in the country’s history. The country has also enjoyed relative stability since gaining independence in 1960 and is often seen as a beacon of democracy in West Africa.

Government Structure

The government of Senegal is a semi-presidential republic with a strong executive branch and a unicameral parliament. The government is composed of three branches – the executive, legislative, and judicial. The executive is responsible for the day-to-day management of the government and is headed by the president. The president is elected by popular vote and is responsible for appointing the prime minister, who then forms the government.

The legislature, known as the Parliament, is composed of 150 seats and is responsible for laws and policies. The parliament is also responsible for electing the president and the prime minister.

The judiciary is composed of the Court of Cassation, the Supreme Court, the High Court of Justice, and the Constitutional Council, which oversees the constitutionality of laws.


Senegal has held regular free and fair elections since its transition to democracy in 2000. The most recent presidential election took place in 2019, with Macky Sall securing his second term in office. National assembly elections take place every five years, with the most recent election taking place in 2017.

Political Parties

Senegal has a vibrant and diverse political landscape, with numerous political parties playing a role in the country’s politics. The two largest parties are the Socialist Party and the Party of Democratic and Independent Senegal, which hold the majority of seats in the National Assembly.

Other parties include the Union for Democratic Change, the Alliance for the Republic, the Alliance for the Citizen, and the Liberal Party, among others.

Freedom and Human Rights

Senegal is known for its commitment to the rule of law and democratic institutions. The country enjoys a relatively free press and has a well-developed civil society sector. Freedom of expression and speech are also respected, although there is still room for improvement in the area of free and fair elections.

Overall, Senegal scores highly on civil liberties, human rights, and political rights. The country is also a signatory to numerous international conventions and treaties related to human rights.


Senegal is a model of democracy in West Africa and enjoys relative stability, with several successful peaceful transfers of power since its transition to democracy in 2000. The government is largely in line with international standards of freedom and human rights, and regular elections ensure that the people’s voices are heard. Senegal is a beacon of democracy in the region and an example for other countries to emulate.