Proposal to Resolve Presidential Third Term Debate in Senegal

It has come to our attention that Article 27 of the Constitution of Senegal is confusing and is the main cause for the all-time debates and fights against presidents forcing to run for a third term. The current provision only limits the number of consecutive terms for the President to two without any cap on the number of times a President can serve. This has led to Presidents changing the constitution to their advantage, which is not good for our country.

Solutions to Lawmakers

To resolve this issue, we propose to add a cap on the service of the President to no more than 14 years. This means that any President can only serve a maximum of two consecutive terms, and when combined with their first term, a total of no more than 14 years. Adding a maximum number of years to the President’s service can help stop the debate and fight against a presidential third term.

To implement this, we suggest amending Article 27 of the Constitution of Senegal, whereby the new provision should read “The duration of the President’s term is five years, and no President can serve for more than two consecutive terms within 14 years of total service.”

It is crucial to protect this amendment from other Presidents who may wish to change it to their favor. Therefore, we suggest implementing measures such as having a two-thirds majority vote in the National Assembly to amend this provision and having the Senegalese people’s approval through a referendum.

The importance of the separation of power cannot be overemphasized in Senegal’s political system, limiting the presidential terms and putting a maximum years to the President’s service can help stabilize Senegal’s protest and political system. The youth, the women, and the people of Senegal need stability, peace, and real democratic governance.


By Boys & Girls Clubs of Senegal

Improving the healthcare system in Senegal

Improving the Healthcare System in Senegal

Senegal is a nation in West Africa with a population of around 16 million people. The healthcare system within the country is one that is both outdated and in dire need of improvement. In Senegal, healthcare is a basic right of every citizen, yet access is limited due to a lack of adequate infrastructure and resources. Over the past few years, the government of Senegal has taken steps to improve the standards of healthcare by investing in the development of its healthcare system.

Investment in Key Areas

In order to improve the healthcare system in Senegal, the government should invest in the following key areas:

  • Improving access to healthcare services – This can be achieved by increasing the number of healthcare facilities and increasing their capacity. Additionally, providing incentives for medical professionals to practice in rural areas would improve access for people living in those areas.
  • Restructuring the healthcare system – This should include establishing a unified health system, where the government and the private sector play a role. This would enable the government to better manage healthcare budgets, as well as ensuring greater access and quality of services for citizens.
  • Adequate and timely financing – The government should ensure that sufficient funds are devoted to health care, so that the healthcare system can be fully operational and adequately stocked with essential medicines and supplies.
  • Improving quality of care – This can be achieved by training healthcare professionals, increasing their numbers, and providing the necessary equipment and resources. The government should also focus on providing quality, affordable drugs and treatments to those in need.
  • Integrating traditional medicine into healthcare – Traditional healers and medicines can play an important role in improving access to healthcare and providing quality care. The government should consider integrating traditional medicine into the healthcare system, so that it is available to all citizens.


Improving the healthcare system in Senegal requires significant investment in the areas of access, restructuring, financial resources, quality of care and traditional medicine. If the government is able to make substantial investments in these areas, it can bring about meaningful improvements for citizens who rely on the healthcare system for their healthcare needs.
The healthcare system in Senegal has been a source of concern for years. In recent years, there has been a renewed effort to improve healthcare access throughout the country. However, much work still needs to be done to ensure that all Senegalese have access to quality health services.

One of the main challenges in the Senegalese healthcare system is access to basic health services. Many rural areas have limited or no access to health facilities and resources. This limits the ability of rural residents to receive appropriate healthcare. In addition, the cost of healthcare can be prohibitive for many Senegalese, particularly in rural areas. This can lead to lower utilization of health services and higher rates of preventable diseases and death.

To improve access to healthcare, the Senegalese government has implemented a number of initiatives. These include increasing access to primary care centers, improving sanitation and expanding access to health insurance. In addition, the government has invested in Rural Health Centers, which provide essential health services such as immunizations and antenatal care.

The government has also improved the quality of healthcare in Senegal by investing in more healthcare personnel. This includes training more doctors and nurses, and improving their working conditions. The government has also implemented quality assurance mechanisms to ensure that healthcare providers are adhering to the appropriate standards of care.

In addition to government initiatives, there have been efforts from non-governmental organizations to improve healthcare in Senegal. These organizations have helped to increase access to essential medicines and increase access to preventive healthcare services.

Overall, the healthcare system in Senegal has improved, but there is still much work to be done before all Senegalese have access to quality healthcare services. The government, NGOs and individual citizens must continue to work together to ensure that everyone has the opportunity to receive the best possible healthcare.


How to cope with change?


How to Cope with Change

Change can be hard, but it’s part of life. Whether it’s a big change like a career move, or a small change like trying a new hobby, adapting to and managing change will help you to stay calm and on top of the situation.

1. Acknowledge Your Feelings

Change can bring a range of thoughts and emotions including fear, excitement and uncertainty. Acknowledging these emotions makes them easier to work through. Talk to someone you trust, or take some time to reflect and journal your thoughts.

2. Celebrate Your Successes

It’s natural to have doubts and fears when it comes to making changes, so seek out small successes to celebrate. This will help to boost your confidence and give you a sense of challenge and accomplishment.

3. Reach Out for Support

Your friends and family are great resources when it comes to dealing with change. Share your feelings and thoughts with them and you may be surprised at the advice and ideas that come out of it.

4. Learn to Be Flexible

Flexibility and adaptability are important when it comes to dealing with change. Try to accept the situation and be open to trying new things and alternative approaches.

5. Keep Moving Forward

Focus on small goals and actions that will help you to stay on track and make progress. Consider the following:

    • Set a timeline – having a goal can help to keep you motivated.


    • Break it down – break the process down into small steps to make it more manageable.


    • Make a plan – make a plan of action that you can refer back to and stick to.


By following these simple steps and keeping an open, positive mindset, you can successfully cope with change.

Recycling Waste Management in Senegal

Recycling waste management is essential to ensuring the longevity of ecological resources in Senegal, and countries around the world. By promoting sustainable habits, Senegal can reduce its environmental impact, while simultaneously creating jobs and supporting economic growth.

Taking the proper steps to manage waste is an essential first step in an effective recycling program. The overall goal of waste management is to reduce, reuse and recycle, proving positive benefits to both the environment and society. Recycling reduces the amount of waste sent to landfills, saving energy and conserving natural resources by avoiding the need to extract, transport and produce items from scratch.

In addition, recycling provides job opportunities for Senegal’s citizens. This includes people responsible for planning, organizing, monitoring and managing waste management, as well as those involved in materials collection, sorting and processing. Furthermore, by creating a domestic market for recycled materials, Senegal can reduce its dependence on expensive imports, helping to protect the local economy.

The value of recycling is also reflected in intangible costs and benefits, such as improved public health and safety. Installing proper waste management systems and practices, such as implementing waste disposal bylaws, can prevent potential harm to communities, such as preventing the spread of waterborne and other infectious diseases.

Moreover, it is essential to promote and educate citizens on the importance of recycling, to ensure its proper implementation. People should be taught and encouraged to separate their waste into different categories, such as paper products and plastic. Waste should also be sorted separately by material type and size, in order to make it easier to recycle and sort. Educating citizens on how to properly recycle their items can help prevent potential harm to the environment.

In conclusion, recycling waste management is an essential step towards ensuring the sustainability of Senegal’s resources, and promoting the economic and social development of its citizens. By taking into account all of the costs and benefits associated with recycling, Senegal can strive to create greener, more sustainable and prosperous future.


Challenges of Senegal’s Healthcare

Challenges of Senegal’s Healthcare

Senegal is a relatively developed nation in West Africa, but like neighboring countries, its healthcare system has its plights and strengths. With economic and social disparities, sporadic disease outbreaks, and limited access to care, it’s no surprise that Senegal faces many health-related challenges.

Economic Inequality

Senegal’s healthcare system suffers from underlying socio-economic factors. Senegal has a high rate of poverty, and many of its citizens have limited access to healthcare due to expensive medical fees and inadequate insurance coverage. Low-income families face particularly dire medical costs, such as those associated with childbirth, vaccines, and other preventative health measures.

Subpar Infrastructure

In many regions, Senegal’s healthcare infrastructure is subpar. Healthcare providers lack the staff, equipment and supplies necessary to provide adequate care, which has a direct effect on quality of care. Many healthcare facilities are understaffed, under equipped, and suffer from a lack of basic resources.

Limited Access to Care

Senegal’s geographic makeup creates barriers to healthcare access. Rural populations are often far removed from healthcare providers and may lack adequate transport. Even parts of urban Senegal may suffer from limited access to care due to infrastructure and transportation issues.

Sporadic Disease Outbreaks

Senegal is vulnerable to periodic disease outbreaks, such as cholera, measles, and meningitis. These diseases often strain the healthcare system and can have devastating effects on communities in Senegal.

Limited Mental Health Services

Mental health is a particularly challenging issue in Senegal. Mental health services are severely lacking, and many mental health issues are still stigmatized in society. This creates a barrier for individuals who need mental health treatment and prevents them from seeking the help they need.


Senegal faces a number of healthcare challenges, some of which are related to its socio-economic infrastructure, while others are a result of sporadic disease outbreaks, limited access to care, and limited mental health services. While Senegal has made progress in recent years to strengthen their healthcare system, there is still much work to be done to ensure access to quality care.

Phase 2- How can we prevent road traffic accidents in Senegal?

Phase 2

The government should impose stricter regulations on driving. Drivers should be required to have a valid driver’s license, proof of insurance, and a valid vehicle registration. Drivers should also be required to drive within the speed limit, follow all traffic signs and signals, and observe basic safety rules such as not drinking and driving.


  • Raising the minimum driving age

Senegal should consider raising the minimum driving age. Senegal has age-restrictive laws in place, but they often don’t do enough to deter young drivers from taking risks. By raising the minimum age, the government will ensure that young drivers have a better grasp of the rules of the road before being granted a license.


  • Graduated licensing” system for drivers: 

Senegal should consider instituting a “graduated licensing” system for drivers. This system is designed to gradually introduce drivers to the rules of the road and teach them the importance of following the law. Under this system, drivers must pass a series of tests and prove that they are competent behind the wheel before being granted full driving privileges.

The system works by gradually introducing drivers to more complex situations and responsibilities by providing a series of safeguards, such as restrictions on certain types of driving and a minimum number of hours of supervised driving experience.

The graduated licensing system generally consists of three phases or steps. 

The first phase is the instructional permit phase, which is for new drivers who have never held a driver’s license before. During this phase, drivers must complete a specified number of supervised driving hours and attend a driver education course. After they have completed these requirements, they may be eligible to take a driving test and receive their provisional license.


In the second phase, the provisional license phase, drivers must follow certain restrictions. These restrictions usually include a night-time driving curfew, a limit on the number of passengers, and may not drive while intoxicated. After a period of time, usually one year, the driver may be eligible to take the driving test and receive their full driver’s license.


The final phase of the graduated licensing system is the full license phase. This phase requires the driver to be more responsible, as they will have fewer restrictions and greater privileges. However, drivers may still be subject to ongoing restrictions, such as limits on night-time driving and the amount of passengers that can be in the car.

The graduated licensing system is an important step in ensuring the safety of all drivers. Drivers can generally complete the steps of this system through taking approved driver’s education courses and by following the restrictions placed on them during each stage. This system can help improve road safety by gradually introducing drivers to their duties and responsibilities on the road and by providing them with the knowledge and skills required for safe driving.




  •  Fines and points on a driver’s license

Senegal should look into implementing more stringent penalties for those who violate traffic laws. By increasing the costs associated with violating traffic laws, such as fines and points on a driver’s license, Senegal can encourage drivers to pay better attention to their driving habits and encourage safe driving. Fines and points are a form of punishment that can help reward good driving and discourage reckless driving.


Fines are monetary penalties that drivers must pay for moving violations. These fines can range from small amounts for minor violations, such as a broken tail light, to large amounts for more serious violations, such as driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol. Fines are enforced by authorities as a way to help keep drivers safe and make them aware of their actions.


Points are also assigned to drivers’ licenses for moving violations. These points can range from one point for minor violations to more points for major violations. Points are added to a driver’s license for each violation and if the number of points accumulates to a certain amount within a certain period of time, drivers may face license suspension or revocation. Points also help reinforce good driving habits by providing drivers with an incentive to practice safe driving.

For any point system to be successful, the government must implement effective policies to ensure adherence. A driver’s license should be provided to every individual who passes their driver’s tests, and they should be given a certain number of points to start with. Any violation such as speeding, reckless driving or parking violations should result in the loss of points, while good behavior such as not breaking traffic laws or avoiding causing accidents should be awarded additional points. Drivers should have to attend a training and education course to improve their driving skills and restore any lost points.





  • Digital monitoring systems

The government of Senegal should create a system to closely monitor and track drivers, such as cameras and digital monitoring systems. This would help to ensure that drivers are following the rules and to provide an additional deterrent to any wrongdoing. Drivers should be made aware of the consequences of breaking laws, such as license revocations and suspensions if a certain number of points are lost.

Senegal can use a digital monitoring systems such as the Driver License Information System (DLIS) to track driver point totals on drivers’ licenses

The DLIS is a centralized platform that allows government agencies to share information on all aspects of DLIS, from registering, issuing and renewing licenses, to vehicle registration and safety inspection requirements.  It is a comprehensive and robust solution for managing driver license (DL) information.

Senegal can utilize this tool to efficiently manage the issuing of driver licenses, vehicle registration and safety inspection requirements. 

Law enforcement officers can use the  DLIS to track driver point totals on drivers’ license and report  traffic violations, convictions, suspensions, and other relevant data. 

The DLIS can also be used for data analysis related to collision analysis, crash predictors and safety initiatives. This type of data can be particularly useful for those countries with limited resources and relatively low levels of motor vehicle safety. In addition, the DLIS provides valuable feedback which can be utilized by Senegal when making decisions related to driver education, road safety campaigns and enforcement. This helps to ensure that policy initiatives are effective and that resources are used appropriately.





  • Harsher punishments

In addition to fines and points, Senegal may also  install harsher punishments for drivers who commit serious violations, such as reckless or impaired driving. These punishments include license suspension, license revocation, mandatory drug or alcohol programs and even jail time. The severity of the punishment depends on the seriousness of the violation and the number of points a driver has accumulated on their license.

These punishments can be used to teach drivers to be more aware of their actions and to follow the rules of the road. By enforcing these punishments, authorities are helping to create a safer driving environment and reduce the number of motor vehicle accidents.



Next: How can we prevent road traffic accidents in Senegal? Phase 3


Phase 1- How can we prevent road traffic accidents in Senegal?

Road accidents are a major problem in Senegal and account for a significant number of deaths and injuries each year. The number of road accidents has steadily increased over the past few years and the causes range from speeding to reckless driving.  The government of Senegal has made great strides in improving road safety, yet still has a long way to go when it comes to reducing these numbers and ultimately preventing accidents from occurring.

The following are a four-phase approach that the government of Senegal could take to help reduce the number of road accidents in Senegal and protect the lives of the citizens.


Phase 1

In Phase 1, we suggest the government of Senegal to implement the below few simple measures that can help reduce the risk of car accidents and keep drivers safe on the roads.

  • Well-maintained roads
  • Traffic signs
  • Light traffic flow
  • Intelligent traffic lights
  • Warning signs
  • Regulatory and guide signs
  • Live traffic cameras
  • Weighing stations
  • Highway patrols


Well-maintained roads  the government of Senegal should enhance its overall infrastructure, particularly its roads. Poorly maintained roads are more likely to lead to accidents, as they are less safe and less conducive to safe driving practices. 

Well-maintained roads; however, play an important role in reducing the risk of an accident. Highways and roads should be inspected regularly to look for potholes, cracks, and other hazards that can cause an accident. Speed limits should also be strictly adhered to, as a driver traveling too fast is much more likely to be involved in an accident.

Traffic signs are a vital part of road safety. These signs are important because they let drivers know what they should be doing while they are on the road. Signs like stop, yield, and speed limit signs provide drivers with important information that can keep them safe and ensure they are driving as safely as possible. Traffic signs alert drivers to potential hazards, like sharp turns or traffic congestion, that they should be aware of and take extra caution when navigating.

Traffic signs come in various shapes, colors, and sizes. This is done to ensure that the message associated with the sign remains clear even in situations where there’s a distance between the driver and the sign. Red is the color of stop signs, whereas yellow is used for warning signs. Yellow is also used for prohibiting signs and white is used for regulatory texts. 


  1. Stop Sign: The stop sign is one of the most recognizable traffic signs out there. It features an eight-sided, red sign with a white border and the word “STOP” in white on the center. When drivers approach these signs, they should come to a complete stop before proceeding. This sign dictates when drivers should come to a complete stop and is usually seen along busy roads. It is important to obey traffic laws, as violations of these signs can lead to citations or other legal issues. 

  1.  Yield Sign: The yield sign is an eight-sided yellow sign with a black border and the word “YIELD” in black on the center. When drivers approach these signs, they should slow down and let other vehicles, pedestrians, or cyclists pass before proceeding. These signs are typically used for busy intersections where you need to give way to oncoming traffic. It is important to obey traffic laws, as violations can lead to citations or other legal issues. 


  1. Speed Limit Sign: Speed limit signs provide drivers with an indication of the maximum speed they can drive in a certain area. The signs are rectangular with a white background and black lettering, and display the maximum speed that is allowed in a specific area. These signs are often posted in areas where a driver needs to slow down significantly from the standard speed limit. It is important to observe the speed limits, as violations can lead to citations or other legal issues. 


  1. Do Not Enter Sign: The do not enter sign is a crimson red eight-sided sign with the words “DO NOT ENTER” in white lettering. This sign is used to indicate that drivers are not allowed to enter a certain area, usually a one-way road or a restricted area. It is important to observe these signs as they are there to ensure safety and prevent collisions or other legal issues.



 Light traffic flow  is an approach which aims to reduce congestion on the roads and improve safety, by preventing traffic from becoming too dense and making sure that roads are kept relatively clear for traffic to pass through.

Light traffic flow can be achieved in a number of ways. Traffic calming measures such as speed bumps and roundabouts can be introduced to slow down cars and encourage a more even traffic flow.

The introduction of additional traffic lanes can help to reduce the number of cars on the roads, as well as ease merge points where two lanes come together. Intelligent traffic lights can also be used to better manage the flow of traffic, by changing the timing of lights to help traffic move more freely.


Intelligent traffic lights use technology to detect the roads’ current conditions and can adjust the traffic flow accordingly. This can help reduce travel times, manage traffic, and reduce accidents caused by drivers failing to recognize when it is safe to proceed. Intelligent traffic lights can be programmed to detect when a vehicle is approaching, then in relation to the traffic flow, adjust the length of the green light required to safely proceed. This will help ensure that drivers are given enough warning to be able to proceed in a safe manner.

Another benefit of intelligent traffic lights is the ability to interact with other vehicles. This technology would be able to detect if a vehicle was approaching an intersection too quickly, and would then slow down or adjust the green light to ensure that the driver can safely pass through. These systems are not only able to make split-second decisions, but also have an in-depth understanding of the road conditions which helps to prevent dangerous intersection behavior, such as running through red lights.

Finally, a major benefit of intelligent traffic lights is the improved safety of pedestrians. With the technology to detect when pedestrians are approaching the intersection, the traffic lights are able to slow down or stop traffic in order to give them enough time to safely cross the road. This is especially important for those with disabilities or for pedestrians that are more vulnerable.

Intelligent traffic lights are a great solution for reducing deadly road accidents. It is able to detect when a vehicle is approaching, adjust the green light depending on the flow of traffic, and even detect and respond to pedestrians crossing the road. It is an innovative solution that is sure to make roads safer for everyone.




Regulatory and guide signs are used to control the way traffic moves. These warning signs can be red or blue in color, usually with white lettering. They tell us about all the different types of laws and regulations for the road. Examples of regulatory signs are “No Left Turns”, “Speed Limit”, and “Keep Right”. These signs typically have a very clear message that drivers must abide by the given rule of the road.

Guide signs are used to tell drivers/riders where to go and what is coming up. These signs use specific shapes in combination with a range of colors to help distinguish the message they are conveying. Examples of the types of guide signs are “One Way”, “Stop Ahead”, and “Yield”. These signs essentially help drivers navigate the road in a safe and efficient way, providing crucial information about the road ahead and upcoming turns or lanes.



Warning signs are used to alert drivers of potential hazards on the road. These signs are usually yellow or orange, with black lettering, and feature symbols and images to help quickly convey the message. Examples include “Slippery When Wet”, “Animal Crossing” “Blind Curve Ahead”, and “Divided Highway Begins”. These warning signs provide crucial safety information and drivers should always heed the message and take the appropriate action.





Live traffic cameras are another element of implementing road safety. These cameras monitor traffic flows and identify areas where traffic is at a higher risk for accidents. Live traffic cameras provide an additional layer of awareness, allowing drivers to be aware of the traffic conditions in the areas before they enter. These cameras can also relay information to drivers in real time, as accidents happen, so drivers have time to react and plan their routes accordingly.


Weighing stations are located at strategic points along highways and roads, and ensure that truck and other vehicle operators are compliant with weight regulations. Overloading a truck or trailer can result in decreased vehicle stability, thus heightening the risk of an accident. Weighing stations work to reduce this risk by ensuring loads are distributed evenly, and that operators are not driving with an overloaded vehicle.


Highway patrol officers are another important tool for preventing road accidents. They patrol our roads and highway systems and look for vehicles that are driving recklessly, or operating without the necessary safety measures. By looking out for reckless drivers and keeping our roads safe, highway patrols are an important part of keeping accidents from occurring.



Next: How can we prevent road traffic accidents in Senegal? Phase 2 

How can we improve the healthcare system in Senegal?

For years, Senegal has struggled with inadequate healthcare access and poor health outcomes. With a population of 17 million people, Senegal faces high levels of malnutrition, communicable diseases, malaria and HIV/AIDS, as well as high infant and child mortality rates. To address these issues and advance its health system, Senegal must make improvements in several areas.

  • The government must promote disease prevention through public education initiatives targeting various age groups. Public health initiatives should focus on nutrition, hygiene, family planning, sanitation and safe water access. Additionally, access to routine immunizations, screenings and vital drugs should be increased and coverage should be improved across all socioeconomic levels.


  • Senegal should digitize healthcare: This includes introducing technology, such as telemedicine, that can improve diagnosis and treatment as well as reduce costs. Investing in digital healthcare systems will enable citizens to have better access to care from remote locations

Additionally, the government should incentivize private providers to open more clinics and health centers in rural areas.


  • Senegal must invest in primary care and community-based interventions. By building clinics in rural and urban areas, locals will have better access to primary healthcare services. Additionally, the current healthcare system should be reorganized to focus on preventative health measures such as screening and chronic disease management.


  • The government should increase its investments in public health research. This will allow researchers to identify health risks in Senegal, as well as potential interventions. Additionally, research can be used to uncover cultural and social factors that contribute to poor health outcomes.


  • Senegal should prioritize healthcare workforce development. This includes increasing investments in medical schools, nursing schools and other healthcare-related programs. Additionally, strategies should be implemented to attract and retain qualified healthcare providers in underserved rural areas.


  • Senegal could collaborate with international nonprofits to promote access to care for underserved communities. These organizations might provide funding for mobile health clinics, emergency transport systems, or programs to provide affordable medications. They could also provide information and support to communities on ways to prevent illness and stay healthy. Additionally, they could improve access to family planning services, which could help reduce maternal mortality rates.


  • Senegal could establish partnerships with organizations that specialize in infectious diseases, such as Ebola and HIV/AIDS. These groups could assist in disease surveillance and diagnosis, as well as in monitoring and treating outbreaks. Their expertise and resources could be invaluable in preventing the spread of disease. They could also provide education and support for those living with these conditions, encouraging prevention and helping those affected to seek and access the care they need.


  • Senegal could partner with local organizations that focus on healthcare, such as those offering mental health services or lifestyle and diet advice. These organizations could provide support and resources to help individuals stay healthy. They could also advise policymakers on how to improve healthcare infrastructure, including building new hospitals and clinics, hiring qualified personnel, and improving access to medicines and treatments.

By taking these steps and forming partnerships with nonprofit organizations, Senegal can significantly improve access to healthcare and make strides towards addressing its healthcare challenges. With more investments in the healthcare system, Senegal can provide access to quality care that meets the needs of its people.