Lesson 1: Introduction to English Language
In this lesson, we will learn the basics of the English language such as the alphabet, phonetics, and basic grammar. We will also learn how to pronounce basic words and practice speaking them.
Lesson 2: Vocabulary Building
In this lesson, we will learn how to build our vocabulary by learning new words every day. We will practice reading and writing words and using them in different contexts and sentences.
Lesson 3: Sentence Structure
In this lesson, we will learn about sentence structure and how to form simple, compound, and complex sentences. We will practice constructing sentences correctly to improve our communication skills.
Lesson 4: Parts of Speech
In this lesson, we will learn about the different parts of speech such as nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, pronouns, prepositions, and conjunctions. We will understand their functions and learn how to use them effectively in sentences.
Lesson 5: Tenses
In this lesson, we will learn about the different tenses in English such as present, past, and future. We will learn how to use them correctly while speaking and writing.
Lesson 6: Speaking and Listening Skills
In this lesson, we will focus on improving our speaking and listening skills. We will practice speaking in different situations and listening to native English speakers to better understand the language and its nuances.
Lesson 7: Writing Skills
In this lesson, we will learn how to improve our writing skills. We will practice writing different types of texts such as essays, stories, and letters, and learn how to structure them properly.
Lesson 8: Idioms and Phrases
In this lesson, we will learn about idioms and phrases commonly used in English and their meanings. We will practice using them in everyday conversations to improve our fluency.
Lesson 9: Reading Comprehension
In this lesson, we will practice reading comprehension by reading different texts such as news articles, stories, and academic texts. We will also learn how to analyze and interpret various texts.
Lesson 10: Review and Practice
In this lesson, we will review all the lessons we have covered so far and practice speaking, writing, and listening skills altogether to improve overall communication skills. We will also learn more about the culture and customs of English-speaking countries. Lesson 1: Basic Greetings and Introductions
In this lesson, we will learn some basic greetings in English which will help you introduce yourself and initiate conversations.
1. Hello: This is the most common greeting in English. You can use it any time of the day to greet someone. For example: “Hello, how are you?”.
2. Good morning/afternoon/evening: Time-specific greetings are used based on the time of day. For instance, you’ll hear ‘Good morning’ said before noon. ‘Good afternoon’ would be appropriate after 12 pm up to around 5 pm. ‘Good evening’ is said when the sun goes down.
3. How are you?: This phrase is commonly used to ask about someone’s wellbeing. For example: “Hi John, how are you doing today?”.
4. My name is: To introduce yourself, you can say “My name is…” followed by your name. For instance, “My name is Sarah, what’s your name?”
5. Nice to meet you: After introducing yourself, you can follow up with, “It’s nice to meet you.” It’s a common phrase to show politeness and friendliness.
Homework: Practice these greetings with your friends or family for a week, repeating a different one each day.
Lesson 2: Basic Sentence Structure
In this lesson, we’ll go over the basic sentence structure of English.
English sentences generally follow a Subject-Verb-Object (SVO) pattern.
Subject – is the person or thing doing the action of the sentence, e.g., ‘I’, ‘he’, ‘she’, ‘we’ or ‘they’.
Verb – represents the action happening in the sentence, for example, “run”, “eat”, or “jump”.
Object – is the receiver of the action. It can be a noun or a pronoun, and usually, it comes after the verb.
For instance, let’s use the sentence “I ate breakfast” as an example. “I” is the subject; “ate” is the verb, and “breakfast” is the object.
Another example is “He reads a book”. Here, “He” is the subject; “reads” is the verb, and “a book” is the object.
Homework: Practice constructing simple sentences using the SVO pattern.
Lesson 3: Vocabulary Building
In this lesson, you will learn how to build your vocabulary by incorporating synonyms and antonyms.
Synonyms are words that have a similar meaning, while antonyms are words with opposite meanings. Using synonyms and antonyms in writing or conversation creates a more vivid and informative experience.
For example, let’s take the word “happy”. Some synonyms for happy are “pleased,” “delighted,” “joyful,” and “ecstatic.”
On the other hand, some antonyms of “happy” are “sad,” “depressed,” “upset,” and “miserable.”
By using synonyms and antonyms in sentences, you’ll be able to express yourself more precisely and accurately.
Homework: Write down a list of ten frequently used words and find their synonyms and antonyms. Try to use these words in different sentences to strengthen your vocabulary.
Lesson 4: Basic Grammar Rules
In this lesson, we’ll discuss some fundamental grammar rules that will help you improve your English speaking and writing skills.
1. Capitalization: In English, the first word of every sentence, proper nouns such as names, countries, and brands are always capitalized.
2. Punctuation: Punctuation marks such as commas, periods, and question marks are essential to written English because they communicate the grammatical structure of a sentence and make it easier to understand.
3. Tenses: English has three primary tenses: Present, Past and Future. In each of these tenses, there are four forms: simple, progressive, perfect, and perfect progressive. Correct usage of the tenses is crucial to communicate correctly in English.
4. Verb forms: A verb can occur in three forms: base, past, and past participle. The base form is the infinitive without the “to”. For instance, “walk,” “eat” and “run.” The past form ends in “ed,” for example: “walked,” “ate,” “ran.” Furthermore, past participle ends in “ed,” “en,” or other irregular forms like “walked,” “eaten,” and “run.”
Homework: Take each of the above grammar rules and write out ten sentences and apply one rule to each sentence.