What is Cyber Security?

Cyber Security, sometimes referred to as information security, is the practice of protecting systems, networks and programs from digital attacks. These attacks are usually aimed at accessing, changing, or destroying sensitive information, extorting money from users or interrupting normal business processes.

What Are the Main Types of Cyber Security?

There are three main types of cyber security:

    • Network Security: Protects the networks and data of entities from unauthorized access. It uses technologies such as firewalls, antivirus & anti-malware, and intrusion detection & prevention systems.


    • Application Security: Protects software applications and their data from unauthorized access and vulnerable code. It includes tools such as web application firewalls and application security testing.


    • Identity Management: Protects identities and access to the organization’s systems and resources. It includes tools such as authentication, authorization, and Single Sign-On (SSO).


How Can Cyber Security be Implemented?

Organizations need to implement cyber security programs to protect their data and networks from cyber-attacks. This requires assessing their current systems and processes and implementing measures such as:

    • Network Security: Implementing access control policies, firewalls, and malware protection.


    • Application Security: Following secure application development guidelines and using automated scanning tools.


    • Identity Management: Implementing multi-factor authentication, monitoring user access and enforcing strong password policies.


Organizations also need to ensure that their cyber security policies and procedures are updated regularly, to stay up to date with the latest cyber security threat landscape.


Cyber Security is critical to protect organizations from the ever-evolving digital threats. Organizations need to implement robust security measures to ensure they are protected from cyber-attacks. This includes implementing network, application and identity security tools, as well as regularly updating their security policies and procedures.