Senegal is fortunate to have a robust and well-functioning judicial system that is effective in protecting the rights of citizens and upholding the country’s laws. The judicial branch in Senegal is made up of court systems that are divided between federal and State courts.
The Supreme Court of Senegal is the highest court in the country and is in charge of making final ruling on legal matters. The Supreme Court is comprised of nine judges, chosen by the president in consultation with the Senate. The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court is appointed to serve a single seven-year term and may be reappointed for another seven-year term by the President, in consultation with the Assembly of the Republic. The Supreme Court handles cases that involve the constitutionality of laws, and it reviews all final decisions of the lower courts.
The lower courts of Senegal are divided into two main groups. The first is the State Court system, which is comprised of three main courts: the Court of First Instance, the Court of Appeal, and the State Security Court. The Court of First Instance is the trial court and is responsible for hearing civil and criminal cases. The Court of Appeal handles appeals from all lower courts. The State Security Court is a special court that handles cases related to national security and military law.
The other lower court system is the Court of Accounts, which is responsible for auditing government accounts and making sure that public funds are spent appropriately. The Court of Accounts can order the reimbursement of funds that were illegally obtained or misappropriated.
The judicial branch in Senegal is the fourth branch of government and is responsible for interpreting laws, protecting the rights of citizens, and ensuring that justice is served. With its efficient and effective court systems, the judicial branch plays an essential role in upholding the country’s laws and providing justice for its citizens.