pixabay.com House and family Published on January 14, 2022. Shut up today if something bothers you and forgive any insult Many customs and rituals are related to Little Christmas, or the feast of St. Basil the Great, which is considered the end of the Christmas holidays. According to popular belief, women today should prepare basil, the ritual bread of Little Christmas. Vasilica is named after Saint Vasilije, and somewhere this New Year’s cake is called maslenica, papuljica, gruvanica, baranica, in Resava Mečka povojnica, in Leskovačka Morava poparenica… In Pomoravlje and eastern Serbia it is also called vasuljica. Somewhere it represents a cake of happiness and money is put in it. Somewhere small round cakes of cornflower are given to children for the rest of the souls of the dead, and somewhere to shepherds to eat them with cattle. In some villages, garlic or cornflower is made from corn flour. It is pricked with a soot tube (a tube on which wool is wound when weaving) or a twig of merry-go-round in several places. When baked, the buds that are pricked are removed with a knife and given to the sheep and cattle in the bran, in order to be healthy and prosperous. In some places, in that poparenica, as well as the Christmas garlic, they put objects cut out of wood, which represent the types of cattle, property… Poparenica is so called because it is steamed with hot fat before mixing. Somewhere, again, for Little Christmas, they knead the same garlic, as well as for Christmas, which the family breaks at the table and shares this ritual bread, which symbolizes togetherness, harmony and love. On New Year’s lunch, the head and shoulder of the Christmas pechenitsa, which is kept until the 14th, are eaten. On that occasion, skilled people from the shoulder of pechenitsa predict what will happen in and around that house during the next year. When they had lunch, they picked up the bones from the roast, took them away and put them on an anthill so that the cattle would probably suffer (multiply) like ants. Some of these customs have a deeper meaning and have persisted since pre-Christian times. The old people say that you should not quarrel on this day, because otherwise you will be “forced by bad luck” all year round. That is why it is better to remain silent today and forgive every insult. In some parts today, one looks carefully at the sky and observes the weather. If it snows on New Year’s Eve, it is believed that it will be the birth year in fields, bees and cattle. On Little Christmas morning, it was customary in some villages for a housewife to take snow and, running into the room, throw it at the children, shouting: “Run hot, chase the cold!”. It is believed that this protects children from fever or chills. After this, the children would take off their suits and pass them over the branches of plums or apples, in order to “cleanse themselves of yours”. On this day, a student or trainee comes, and in the villages near Gruža, the housewife ties the threads and the lower jaw with one yarn, and the forehead and nape with the other, so that the beasts do not attack the cattle. If someone dies in the days between Christmas and Little Christmas…… it is believed to go straight to paradise. And on Little Christmas, a Christmas candle is lit and he watches it burn. If it turns on or off slowly, it doesn’t spell well at home. The candle is also extinguished with wine and a piece of bread. If it is not extinguished immediately, as soon as a drop falls on the flame, it is believed that the one who extinguishes it will live a long time. This candle is kept and lit for the Eucharist or if someone dies in a dream. In the renewed Serbian state under Karadjordj, when the insurgent borders and government were established, it was customary to hold parliamentary sessions on Little Christmas, because then it is most convenient to make annual reviews and submit reports and arrange endeavors for the new year. It is customary in Hilandar to hold the annual assembly of the elderly on this day. In many places in Vojvodina, it is still customary to light fires at crossroads, which, in addition to the cleansing effect, also has the role of strengthening sunlight and heat. For the same reasons, the remains of Christmas Eve in Herzegovina were burned on Christmas Eve. The new summer should be awakened, so in this vigil, many girls predicted whether and when they would get married that year. Among these fortunes, the fortune-telling of girls in Bosnia is especially interesting: before dawn, they climbed the attic and threw their shoes through the door into the yard, so if the shoes, when they fall, are directed away from home – it is a sign that they will go in that direction. se.
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